What follows are details of the six most common dog eye problems that every dog owner really should be aware of. By knowing about them in advance, it does mean that you should be able to identify the issue quicker and, therefore, get your dog the appropriate medical care that it needs before the condition is allowed to progress.
By doing this, your dog will be able to once again lead a happy life, so the information that follows may indeed prove to be rather useful.
Cataracts are a fairly common problem with dogs, but the good news is that your vet can easily treat them.
The first place it usually shows up is your dog becoming clumsy and walking into things or struggling to catch a ball or other toy. To identify cataracts, look out for a characteristic cloudy blue tint to their eyeball. Remember to check on a regular basis because if they are left alone, then it can lead to them becoming blind.
The operation required to fix them is simple and very similar to the one us humans have to cure cataracts. It involves the replacement of the lens and then eye drops and possibly an eye patch.
Entropion – Affecting The Eyelids
Entropion is a condition that is caused by the fact that a dog does tend to have rather large eyelids and for some dogs this can lead to them folding at the eyelash. The problem with this is that when it folds it does push the eyelash into the eye itself leading to irritation and on some occasions leads to an infection.
This condition tends to happen mainly with dogs around six months old, and the tell-tale signs are that they are continually at their eyes or they are red and blotchy. This can be treated by the vet removing the offending eyelash, or it may require a small operation on the actual eyelid to reduce the size to prevent it from happening again.
Cherry Eye - Affecting The Tear Duct
Cherry eye is a condition that is known by this name due to the way in which it can turn the eye red like a cherry. This is a condition where the actual tear duct gland becomes infected and inflamed and in some instances it may even fall out of place. This condition can often be treated by administering simple eye drops, but in the worst cases it may require the tear duct to be removed with this being a rather simple operation.
Dry Eye In Dogs
This is perhaps one of the most common types of eye problems with dogs and it happens when the tear duct does not produce enough liquid. This results in the eye drying out and becoming painful for your dog.
When the eye is not lubricated it leads to a build-up of dust, dirt and debris in the eye that will irritate it. Quite often you will see your dog blinking more often and the eye itself becoming quite red.
The treatment for this condition involves an oral medication that spurs the tear gland into producing tears, which then cleans and lubricates your dog's eye.
Trauma To The Eye
Most dogs love a bit of rough and tumble and to run around and get their noses into anything and everything. Quite often this leads to some kind of trauma to the eye if they catch it on a branch or get it knocked when playing.
This can lead to many problems so if your dog has been out for a walk or a dog play, do give them a once over to make sure their eyes are OK.
If you spot anything or think they may have something in their eye, take them to your vet. The sooner these problems are addressed the better and if it turns out to be nothing, it is much better to be safe than sorry.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy
Retinal Atrophy is essentially when your dog's retina gradually dies. The sad part about progressive retinal atrophy is that there is no known cure for it, and it will tend to lead to your dog becoming blind.
The only blessing is that it is not painful and your dog will not be in any discomfort just it will gradually lose its sight over time.
It is also worth noting that it does tend to affect older dogs, and indeed most of them will not live long enough for it to fully affect them as it is a slow, progressive disease rather than anything acute and sudden.
Those are the six most common dog eye problems that you really should be aware of before taking ownership of a new dog. You will see that only the last one will really be problematic, and all of the others can be treated without any problems and your dog will not suffer any long-term ill effects and can indeed continue to lead a long and happy life.