Simply put, mange is a skin condition found in domestic pets as well as livestock and other mammals by a small, parasitic mite. Fear not because mange in dogs is identifiable and treatable.
The Causes Of Mange
All dogs carry Mites and, in most cases, mothers even transfer them to their pups in their early life. Although this sounds nasty, these mites usually live in harmony with our dogs. However, this depends on the strength of the dog’s immune system. If the immune system is weakened and unable to fight, the mites can take over and do some serious damage.
It is the Demodex genus of mites that cause mange. These are tiny parasites that live in or near hair follicles of mammals. This genus is vast and varied, in fact, there are roughly 65 different species of Demodex mites.
Two particular mites are responsible for causing mange in dogs; the Sarcoptes Scabiei mite and the Demodex Canis mite, which cause Sarcoptic mange and Demodectic mange respectively.
The Demodectic Canis mite likes to live in the hair follicles near the surface of the skin, whereas the Sarcoptes Scabiei mite actually burrows its way into the skin.
There is some evidence that Demodectic Mange is not as contagious as Sarcoptic Mange, but you should treat both as highly contagious.